The Inmanta orchestrator consists of several components:
- The Inmanta server: This server manages the deployment process, it keeps track of all agents and the current state of all projects. The server stores it state in PostgreSQL. All other state can be recovered after a server restart or failover.
- A PostgreSQL database: The Inmanta server stores its state in a PostgreSQL database.
- The git server: The source code of the configuration models is stored in (one or more) git repositories.
- The compiler: The compiler converts the source code into deployable resources and exports it to the server.
- CLI and Dashboard: To control the server, you can use either the web dashboard or the command line tools. Both communicate through the server rest API.
- The Inmanta agents: Agents execute configuration changes on targets. A target can be a server, a network switch or an API or cloud service. An agent can manage local and remote resources. This provides the flexibility to work in an agent based or agent-less architecture, depending on the requirements.
Inmanta can be used in three modes:
- embedded: all components are started with the deploy command, the server is terminated after the deploy is finished. Suitable only for development.
- push to server: the server runs on a external machine. Models are compiled on the developer machine and pushed to the server directly. Suitable only for small setups or for developement/debug purposes.
- autonomous server: the server runs on a external machine. Models are stored in git repos and compiled by the server.
The last two modes support agents on same machine as the server and automatically started, or deployed as an external process.
All in one¶
In a all in one deployment, all components (server, agent and postgres) are started embedded in the compiler and terminated after the deploy is complete. No specific setup is required. To deploy the current model, use:
The –dashboard option disable CLI reporting and sets up the dashboard. The embedded server is setup in such a way that the current project is also availble for server compilation. After the first deploy finshes, the command keeps running for additional deploys until ctrl+c is used to terminate the command.
The all in one deployment is ideal of testing, development and one-off deployments. State related to orchestration is stored locally in data/deploy.
Push to server¶
In a push to server model, the server is deployed on an external machine, but models are still compiled on the developer machine. This gives faster feedback to developers, but makes the compilation less reproducible. It also complicates collaboration.
Both the developer machine and the server need to have Inmanta installed. To compile and export models to the server from the developer machine a .inmanta file is required in the project directory (where you find the main.cf and the project.yaml file) to connect the compiler with the server.
Create a .inmanta file in the project directory and include the following configuration:
[config] environment=$ENV_ID [compiler_rest_transport] host=$SERVER_ADDRESS port=$SERVER_PORT
$SERVER_PORT with the correct values (See
for more details when using ssl and or auth,
config.environment explains the environment setting). A best
practice is to not add the .inmanta to the git repository. Because different developer may use different orchestration servers.
inmanta compilecompiles the current project but does not upload the result to the orchestration server.
inmanta exportcompiles and uploads the current project to the orchestration server. Depending on the environment settings the server will release and deploy the model or it becomes available in the new state.
inmanta export -dcompiles, uploads and releases the current project. The result will start deploying immediately.
With an autonomous server, developers can no longer push models into production directly. Only the server itself compiles the models. This ensures that every compile is repeatable and allows collaboration because all changes have to be committed.
The Inmanta agent performs all changes in the infrastructure. Either the orchestration server starts an agents or an agent is deployed as a separate process.
- agentless: Autostarted agents allow for an agentless mode: no explicit agents need to be started. When the agent needs to make changes on machine/vm it can make the changes over remote over ssh. Autostarted agents are controlled by using
ip::Hostand subclasses can automatically configure an agent with the remote_agent attribute.
- external agent: External agent processes need explicit configuration to connect to the orchestration server. The aws and openstack modules use the platform module to generate a user_data bootscript for virtual machines to install an agent and connect to the orchestration server. The install_agent boolean controls this option.
The agent is responsible for:
- repair the infrastructure at regular intervals
- change the infrastructure at regular intervals
- enforce desired state when the server requests it
At regular intervals the agent verifies that the current state of all resources it manages matches the desired state provided by the orchestration server. For a repair the agent verifies all resources, even if the last known current state already matches the desired state. In the current release all deploys are done through a repair and run by default every 600 seconds. This is controlled with
config.agent-repair-interval, when this option is set to 0 no repairs are performed.
For very large infrastructures or infrastructure that is too slow (for example network devices with underpowered control planes or thousands of managed resources) a repair cannot run often. For example, only once a week. When this is the case, the agent can deploy only known changes (based on the previous deployed state cached by the orchestration server). This interval is controlled by
config.agent-deploy-interval. This interval should be a lot shorter than
When a repair is running and a deploy run is started, the repair is cancelled, the deploy is performed and then the repair is restarted. This repair starts again from scratch. So when repairs take a very long time, they might never finish completely when there is a high rate of change.
For very interactive changes the server pushes changes to the agent. The server can push full and incremental desired state to the agent.
- incremental only deploys resource for which the orchestrator knows there are changes, based on the last known deploy status of the resource.
- full always deploys all resources even if the last know status of the resource already matches desired state.